Energy transition in transports and mobility is the main challenge on-going revision of Energy roadmap of Guadeloupe. With 70% of the region’s final energy consumption, today’s “mobility” is almost 100% dependent on carbon fossil resources, imported, expensive and greenhouse gas-emitting fossil fuels.
Today, the current revision of the Guadeloupe ‘s energy roadmap, where the outlines were presented at the beginning of May 2019, take the switch to electromobility on by aiming at a target of 30% electric vehicles (EVs) in the fleet in circulation by 2030 while trying hard to support the profound transformation of its economy.
Facing this challenge, the Regional Council of Guadeloupe wants to to build an integrated and concerted vision of a roadmap for the development of electric vehicles on a regional scale: the Electric Vehicle Strategy
Indeed, EV is a vector of innovation for the development of alternative and complementary energy solutions, such as hydrogen, which, coupled with renewable generation, is an attractive solution for fast and high-volume recharging for heavy (public transport, freight) or specific (maritime) uses.
The Electric Vehicle Strategy must create favourable conditions for the transformation of the mobility supply in Guadeloupe in order to meet the energy transition objectives. This paper will provide an overview of electric vehicle charging stations technologies. It will explain sustainable mobility scenarios and specify the priority action levers in the field of mobility, taking into account the environmental, socio-economic and tax revenues impacts related to mobility in Guadeloupe.
The EV development plan aims to define a strategy for the development of sustainable transportation in Guadeloupe. This must help to reduce the impact of transport on energy consumption. The scheme must also allow the deployment of clean mobility adapted to the local energy, environmental, economic and fiscal context in line with all the needs and projects of stakeholders in Guadeloupe.
The 3 objectives of this scheme are:
- The realization of a regional scheme for the development of charging infrastructures for electric vehicles and rechargeable hybrid vehicles,
- The definition of framework orientations, an action plan and concrete recommendations,
- Characterization of the impacts induced by the implementation of the scheme.
The scope of the study covers the whole of Guadeloupe, including the southern islands (La Désirade, Marie-Galante, Les Saintes). The aim will be to target all modes and uses of land transport in order to prioritise the development of the electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle fleet.
The intervention is carried out in 6 steps :
Step 1. Diagnosis and market study
- Update on the mobility/transport offer
- Determination of the number of existing electric vehicle charging stations
- Identification of areas with high potential for the deployment of new charging stations,
- Analysis of the overall cost of owning a vehicle in Guadeloupe and the impact on tax revenues of Guadeloupe communities,
Step 2. Scriptwriting
- Production of 2 scenarios: trend and voluntarist by 2030
- Observation of the impact of these scenarios on:
- number of plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles evolution,
- need for recharging infrastructure,
- increased demand for electricity,
- decreased demand for fossil fuel
- tax revenues indexed to fossil fuel consumption (Special Fuel Tax : Taxe Spéciale Carburant -TSC)
Step 3. Regional development plan of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure (EVCI)
- Justified Requirements for Charging Infrastructure
- Estimated installation costs
- Impact of EVCI deployment on the distribution network and associated costs
- Production of EVCI Location Maps
Step 4. Socio-economic and environmental impacts characterization